ART AND TYPES OF ART

Art is a specific human spiritual activity, which carries elements of sensibility, and includes the creative moment, the created work itself and its experience.

Art is a beauty that outlives its author with its originality. Art is a subjective reflection of objective reality.

Art was initially unique-synthetic, and with the development of society, art is divided into subspecies-according to the structure and expression by which individual works of art are shaped.

Types of art:

SCULPTURE-sculpture, plastic, is a branch of fine art, a kind of artistic expression with three-dimensional shapes and bodies, carved, cut or modeled in solid material-stone, wood, clay. Objective factors and the artist’s subjective preferences dictate the performance of the sculpture either in the form of relief or as full plastic. The full plasticity gives the depicted figure in its complete three-dimensionality and spatial extension. In the first beginnings of sculpture, characters of female deities and animals were created in the area of ​​Western Europe and Siberia. Until the 10th century, there was no full plastic in European fine art, only a few small sculptures (eg the equestrian figure of Charlemagne). Within the Renaissance, the first nudes (bronze Donatello’s David) and equestrian figures (Donatello-Gattamelata) were created. Abstract plastic solves all concrete forms and subject associations. Sculpture occurs originally in examples of stonemasonry. In the Middle Ages, stone baptisteries and wooden statues were erected in churches.

PAINTING is a branch of fine art in which, on a flat surface, drawing and color give an account of real phenomena. Special types of painting are mosaic and stained glass. The image of a man in all his appearances goes into the original preoccupations of painting. It is presented as an act, a semi-act and a portrait. Veduta is a depiction of architectural objects in their natural environments. The oldest evidence of artistic expression are the paintings on the rocks of caves in northern Spain and southern France. They show mostly animals – bison, reindeer, mammoths. In ancient times, the encaustic technique of painting with paints dissolved in heated wax was known.

ARCHITECTURE in the broadest sense is the art of building in order to create organized spaces for human habitation or for other different purposes and needs. The basic element of architecture is the interior space that serves a specific purpose, housing, work, religious culture and the like. Architecture is the basic spatial-plastic framework of human life. It is the art of volume and space. The elements of architecture are: function, form and construction. We divide architecture into the architecture of traditional materials and the architecture of modern materials. The history of architecture begins with monumental buildings in ancient Egypt from the 3rd to the 1st millennium, pyramids, cave tombs, temples, etc. A famous monument of our Renaissance architecture is the Šibenik Cathedral from the 15th century.

FILM (film – skin, membrane, thin layer) is a visual projection in motion, usually sounded. The difference between a film and a shot is that the film builds some expectation that it then fulfills (e.g. a river that flows is a shot, and a river that flows and then shows a ship is a film). The film image is what is predominantly discernible based on the projection of the film image.
Like other art forms, the film is intended for an audience. Movies are watched in a special screening area (cinema), or anywhere else (video). Film is often referred to as the seventh art, just as comics are called the ninth art.

The film work is a complete and socially and experientially purposeful film product. Film and cinematography are systematically studied by the humanities-scientific discipline of filmology.

DANCE- (eng. Dance, franc. Danse, njem. Tanz, tal. Danza) is a rhythmic movement of the body according to the sounds of music (rarely without music), individually, in pairs or in groups. Dance has accompanied man since time immemorial, and even drawings in caves show a man dancing. In its beginnings, dancing was a motor reaction to certain emotions, to heightened joy, fear, sadness, love, or hate. The motor reactions to these arousals were lively, irrational, but very pronounced sequences of movements, which, with repeated successions, took on a certain rhythmic pattern and turned into dance.
The dance has existed since time immemorial, it is assumed that the old Krapina man moved his ass around the fire in a circle on long winter nights.

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