Part of the miraculously alive, beautiful fresco from the Akrotiti site on the Aegean island of Terra (today Santorini), in the photo, shows two boxer boys who obviously belong to one developed culture and, judging by the jewelry, to different social strata. Believe it or not, the miraculous fresco was created more than 3,500 years ago, centuries before the Trojan War and almost half a millennium BC, in a world that, according to today’s increasingly popular interpretation, is the solution to Plato’s famous riddle of Atlantis.
The fresco traditionally belongs to the Bronze Age, and is part of the well-known ancient Minoan culture – this unexpectedly advanced society developed long before the birth of Greek civilization, during the second millennium BC, with a gradual evolution from primitive Stone Age agricultural communities and early phase of the metal age.
Numerous myths have been recorded in Hellenic heritage that preserved the memory of the world before the arrival of the Greek warlike tribes in the Aegean – the legend of the monstrous bull Minotaur and the labyrinth of Crete – but few believed that such a culture really existed before the Achaeans arrived. After Schliemann’s discovery of the mythical Troy in Asia Minor, the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans (who was a kind of ambassador of the Balkan people and an advocate of liberation from Austria) tried his luck in Crete in 1900 and discovered the ancient Minoan capital – Knossos.
As Jeremy McInerney, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, wrote in a comprehensive review of Greek history in Greece published last year, Minoan culture – with the worship of a bull-shaped deity – is characterized by papyrus processing and letter development (linear A and later linear B). , a complex religion (which is significantly different from the Hellenistic pantheon) and in addition, the so-called economy of redistribution of goods, which was learned precisely thanks to the letter.
A meticulous analysis of the preserved Minoan records from Knossos gave, in fact, a somewhat disappointing result in terms of their literary reach. The Iliad and the Odyssey will take another 1000 years and at least one blind poet like Homer. It turns out that the ancient Cretans (then ultramodern) used the technology that officially ends prehistory, the script, exclusively to keep extensive economic records, and that grain, oil and wine were collected and stored in joint warehouses during the crisis and for supply. various craftsmen, from goldsmiths and blacksmiths to perfume manufacturers, which speaks of the complexity and high organization of this early society.
But even without much literature, the artistic achievements of the primitive Minoans are truly astonishing. Along with numerous bull figures, other religious performances, a series of domestic frescoes discovered in volcanic ash on the island of Terra in 1967 by Greek archaeologist Spiridon Marinatos includes not only boy boxers, but also exciting depictions of naval battles and everyday life – sophisticated and even decadent. adorned women in lavish dresses, fields of papyrus, fishermen and above all – exciting compositions of blue monkeys and amazing flying dolphins.
The Minoan culture spread to numerous islands around Crete – the city of Akrotiti was built 150 kilometers north of Knossos, on the island of Terra, in the caldera of an extinct volcano, in a beautiful and fertile place that the carefree Minoans did not even assume was a dormant threat. And then, most likely during one summer between 1627 and 1620 BC, an eruption occurred on Terry – the largest volcanic eruption ever recorded in human history.
The event left its mark on numerous later Greek legends, and the consequences were recorded in Egypt, as well as in Chinese chronicles. Recent research by the Smithsonian Institution shows that the volcano on Terry ejected as much as 100 cubic kilometers of material, which makes this event a so-called super-colossal explosion.
The power of this eruption is considered to be about four times stronger than the eruption of Krakatau volcano and is comparable to the explosion of 150 thermonuclear bombs. It was followed by a series of terrifying earthquakes and a devastating tsunami that quickly reached Crete and destroyed the cities of the Minoan world. Due to the strong amount of ash in the atmosphere, the sky darkened and the consequences for the climate were not small – there was a cooling that shook agriculture for a long time. It was a moment from which the Minoan culture never recovered and which certainly led to its destruction.
The scale of this event was not known to the first modern researchers until in late 1860, engineers on Santorini began excavating volcanic ash to produce cement and build the Suez Canal, when a monstrous crater was discovered on land and in water. Later, in the same ashes, archaeologist Marinatos will discover the painted walls and parts of the cosmopolitan settlement of Akrotiti.
All this, according to historian Jeremy McInerney, speaks to how the Minoan culture could actually be – the mythical Atlantis. After all the search in the depths of the Atlantic and through other world seas, she may have actually been there, in the neighborhood of Hellas. In the same way that the story of Thesis is