Cardiovascular diseases are diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
In developed and developing countries, as well as in our country, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main cause of death, and the second leading cause of death in the working population (20-64 years of age). Cardiovascular diseases are a significant public health problem because they cause a high economic burden due to treatment costs and reduced productivity due to absenteeism, causing disability, disability and premature mortality.
Taking into account the increasingly risky behavior of the population, such as smoking, insufficient physical activity and improper diet, at an early age, it is necessary to start measures to prevent risk factors for CVD while promoting healthy lifestyles.
Improving and promoting health are the first measures in a series of interventions in CVD prevention, aimed at creating such a living and working environment (such as healthy living conditions, working conditions, nutrition, enabling recreation and physical activity, strengthening social support …) that will positively affect health or will not harm health. Health promotion measures are applied in healthy people with the purpose of preventing the disease from developing.
Avoidance and reduction of unhealthy lifestyles and all risk factors (smoking cessation, increased physical activity, reduction of excessive intake of saturated fats and salts, reduction of excess body weight …) with the selection of desirable behaviors seeks to prevent the development of disease. By timely detection of the first signs of the disease through screening, systematic examinations, self-examinations and other diagnostic procedures, it is possible to successfully intervene, or take appropriate therapeutic measures to prevent worsening of the disease, development of complications and disabilities. An important part of CVD prevention is the detection of at-risk population groups, which have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Successful and effective prevention of CVD requires a comprehensive multi-sectoral approach (health, education, economy, food industry, agriculture, legislation …), political support and participation of individuals, communities, professionals, media and government structures at national, regional and local levels. .
There are numerous activities joined by the Public Health Institute of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County, marking important world dates that remind us of the importance of prevention and early detection of diseases and conditions in our cardiovascular system.